TANZANIA – Tanzania’s coffee production will increase 15% from 1.15 million bags to 1.30 million bags in the year 2018/19 as a result of biennial bearing cycle and favorable weather conditions as reported by Tanzania Meteorological Authority (TMA).
The USDA’s GAIN report indicates that ending stocks for financial year (FY) 2018/19 are forecast up by 7% from FY 2017/18 due to an increase in production.
Good arable land in addition to favorable weather conditions in Tanzania is suitable for high quality Arabica and Robusta production.
While about two-thirds of the coffee produced in Tanzania is mild Arabica, the rest is hard Arabica and Robusta.
However, coffee production is limited by some factors including lack of access to irrigation systems, a large number of older coffee trees, highly volatile coffee
prices and other factors that cause dramatic fluctuations.
In response to the challenges, Tanzania Coffee Board (TCB) is implementing a government-sponsored coffee program that aims at increasing production to more than 100,000 tons by year 2021 by improving husbandry practices, planting improved varieties, and facilitating the private sector to start new farms.
As a result, crop yield is expected to increase from the current 250kg/ha (200g/tree) to 600kg/ha (450g/tree).
In the year 2017/18, Tanzania exported 4,864 MT of green coffee beans to the United States, worth US$19.2 million, representing a 4% increase from the previous year.
Only 7% of the country’s total coffee production is consumed domestically with domestic coffee consumption forecast to remain flat for the third consecutive tANZANIAyear in 2018/19.
Tanzania exports its coffee to Japan, Italy, United States, Germany, Belgium, Sweden and Finland and also to the neighbouring countries who buy its soluble coffee and the exports are projected to increase 16%.
According to Tanzania Coffee Board (TCB), the total combined coffee production area for Arabica and Robusta exceeds 265,000 hectares.