BRAZIL – Preparation for the 2022/23 market year for grains is on high gear in one of the world’s largest suppliers of grain, Brazil with many farmers sowing or preparing to plant their preferred grain for the next harvest season.

Rice farmers are leading this season’s planting period having sown 491,384 hectares or 56.97% of the planned 862,498 hectares, according to data released by the Rio Grandense do Arroz Institute (Irga).

South Zone leads the sowing regions with 111,828 hectares sown (80.14% of the planned 139,543 ha) and is followed closely by the Western Frontier which has so far sowed 197,616 ha (76.21% of the estimated area of 259,321 ha).

The Campaign has 80,014 ha (62.32% of 128,402 ha) while the Inner Coastal Plain reached 45,681 ha (36.89% of 123,830 ha), according to Irga data.

The Central region has 31,369 ha sown (27.11% of 115,703 ha) and is trailed by the Outer Coastal Plain has 24,876 ha planted (25.99% of 95,699 ha).

Soybean planting reaches 37.8%

Soybean sowing has also been on high gear reaching 37.6% of the projected area for the 2022/23 crop in the third week of October, an increase of 14.3 percentage points in the weekly comparison.

Consultancy firm Pátria AgroNegócios has attributed the growth to works in Mato Grosso and Paraná, which took the sowing to a higher level than the one registered a year before.

“(This week), in Paraná, drought windows allowed the advancement of field work”, said the consultancy in a note, noting that sowing went from 33% to 54% in the state in one week.

For Mato Grosso, Pátria highlighted that well-distributed rains were noticed in the last seven days, which led to planting to 66.8% in the state that leads sowing in the country.

The heightened sowing of soybean crop is already having an impact on the commodity trading market.

According to Cepea researchers, producers are paying attention to the sowing of the 2022/23 season and avoid negotiating the surplus of the 2021/22 crop.

Additionally, Cepea noted that the devaluation of the dollar and the drop in export premiums last week also discourage business.

Rainfall affecting crop production

Meanwhile, an analysis by the Agricultural Monitoring Bulletin (BMA) has noted that the current rainfall in Brazil is having varied impacts on crops in the field.

According to the report, widespread rainfall in Paraná and Santa Catarina, reaching over 300 mm in important producing regions ended up partially harming the management, maturation and harvesting of wheat in the 2021/2022 crop.

Excessive rainfall raises concerns about the drop in quality due to excess moisture in wheat grains in the South region and in São Paulo – where 80% of the areas were harvested by the end of the first half of October.

The rainfall has however favored soybean sowing in Mato Grosso and Paraná but delayed this stage in São Paulo, Santa Catarina and Mato Grosso do Sul.

In the case of 1st harvest corn, sowing progresses quickly, reaching 74% of the estimated area in Rio Grande do Sul and 75% in Paraná, with emphasis on the regions of Ponta Grossa, Guarapuava/Irati and Pato Branco.

However, planting continues at a slow pace in São Paulo and Santa Catarina, mainly due to excess humidity. The stage is also moving slowly in Goiás, where producers have given priority to soybeans.

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