MADAGASCAR –The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), an international financial institution and a specialized United Nations agency has been investing in rural people for 40 years, empowering them to reduce poverty, increase food security, improve nutrition and strengthen resilience.
Since 1978, the agency has provided US$21.5 billion in grants and low-interest loans to projects that have reached about 491 million people.
According to a report by IFAD’s Independent Office of Evaluation (IOE), reviewing the agency’s joint work in Madagascar in collaboration with the government over the past seven years (2013-2019), IFAD has undertaken six projects with a total project cost of US$510 million, of which 59 per cent was financed by IFAD.
The evaluation report highlights achievements as well as areas for further improvement.
In the years after the 2009-2012 political crisis, several projects introduced innovations into Madagascar, leading to positive results.
For instance, IFAD was successful in integrating a large number of microenterprises and small businesses into high-value sectors by pairing farmers’ organizations with market operators, which improved farmers’ access to the markets.
According to the report, the creation of nearly 400 of these pairs attracted over US$5.4 million in private sector investments.
“We are quite proud of our gains in Madagascar in terms of rural productivity, incomes and entrepreneurship. Linking farmers with market operators was key for improving economic opportunities in rural areas”, said Sara Mbago-Bhunu, Regional Director of IFAD’s East and Southern Africa Division (ESA).
IFAD also played a key role in improving access of rural entrepreneurs to productive assets, support services and financial services.
The report states that IFAD helped create networks of service providers, and collaboration and support platforms, thus contributing to the development of rural entrepreneurship.
Capacity development and training for young farmers helped them set up and develop their own businesses.
“Approximately 70,000 people benefited from training and outreach activities, which are essential for the development of our beneficiaries’ capacities and the dissemination of improved production techniques”, said Fabrizio Felloni, Interim Officer-in-Charge, IOE.
IFAD’s work in the country is not over with the report indicating that there is a need to enhance the efficiency and sustainability of the operations, by better engaging key actors such as microfinance institutions, better defining the geographical reach of operations and further strengthening capacity development and skills.
Additional efforts are also needed to integrate the most vulnerable into the country strategy and programme.
The evaluation recommends to fine tune targeting, providing more subsidies for income-generating activities and credit to help the most vulnerable people participate fully in these activities.
According to the evaluation report, the management of natural resources and adaptation to climate change impacts needs to become a key objective in IFAD’s next country strategy for Madagascar.
IFAD is looking at how it can improve work in this area in order to ensure sustainability and improve the livelihoods of the rural poor.
The Independent Office of Evaluation (IOE) conducts evaluations of IFAD-financed policies, strategies and operations to promote accountability and learning.
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