IITA, EAGC journey towards producing aflatoxin-free grains to ensure health safety, boost trade

EASTERN AFRICA – The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC) have signed an agreement to work together to tackle aflatoxin contamination of grains in the region.

IITA is a not-for-profit research institution that generates innovations to address major agricultural challenges in Africa, while EAGC is a membership organization that brings together key players across the grain value chain in Eastern and Southern Africa.

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The MoU will leverage each organization’s comparative advantage to promote mutually beneficial cooperation in the areas of advocacy, research, capacity development, and awareness creation.

In addition, the partnership will promote best practices and use of proven technologies to ensure the grains produced are safe for human and livestock consumption and meet export standards.

One of the technologies to be utilized under the initiative is promoting the use of Aflasafe, an innovative, safe and natural product that drastically reduces aflatoxin contamination in maize and groundnuts as part of an integrated aflatoxin management strategy.

The technology was originally developed by the United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) and is widely used in the US.

IITA, in partnership with the USDA, has successfully adapted this technology for use in many countries in Africa.

To date 14 products have been registered in 10 countries i.e. Nigeria, Kenya, Senegal, The Gambia, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi, and Mozambique, with more under development in 12 countries.

The Aflasafe technology had been registered for commercial use and transferred to the private sector for scale-up.

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“Aflatoxin contamination is a serious food safety issue in sub-Saharan Africa and also a major impediment to trade. We are therefore excited about this partnership with EACG that will, among others, support efforts to create awareness on aflatoxin and mitigation strategies.

“This includes the use of the very effective, safe, affordable and easy-to-use aflasafe technology. This will help towards the realization of our vision for an aflatoxin-free, food-secure Africa,” said Kenton Dashiell, IITA Deputy Director General for Partnerships for Delivery.

EAGC, on the other hand, seeks to identify best practices in food safety and quality control among grain value chain actors to increase their potential in intra- and inter-African grain trade.

The EAGC Executive Director, Gerald Masila, stated that, “By reducing aflatoxin contamination in grains to safe levels, Africa could meet international food safety standards, thereby creating a huge opportunity for increase in grain exports potential.”

Both EAGC and IITA will work together to shape quality grain production, support market linkages for increased regional grain trade, promote the implementation of East African Community (EAC) staple foods standards and aflatoxin control, and mobilize resources to attain and manage aflatoxin standards.

Beginning of the year, EAC was seeking Sh20 million (US$194,000) financing from US government to facilitate the crafting of a legal framework to guide the fight against cancer-causing toxins threatening the region’s food security.

The legal framework — EAC Aflatoxin Bill — which has been submitted to USAid for review is intended to guide the six-member bloc in combating aflatoxin.

Effects of Aflatoxin

Aflatoxin is a highly poisonous chemical produced by a naturally occurring fungus known as Aspergillus flavus.

The fungus is found in soils and attacks important crops such as maize and groundnut while in the field and in storage when they are not dried and stored properly.

Aflatoxin poses a serious health threat to both human beings and animals. Acute poisoning as a result of consuming foods with extremely high levels of aflatoxin can lead to instant death.

Chronic exposure, on the other hand, as a result of consuming foods with above-the-allowable safe levels, for many years, can result in lowered immunity, low birth weight, and irreversible stunting in children and liver cancer.

Aflatoxin also causes loss in trade revenues due to contamination of products that do not meet the required standards.

According to Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA), Africa loses an estimated US$670 million in rejected export trade annually due to contamination by the poisonous chemical.

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