KENYA – According to PETCO, the Kenyan PET Recycling company, the manufacturing industry in the country is targeting to achieve 45% recycling rate of the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles produced this year.
“This year we are looking to achieve 45 percent recycling rate of what is being produced,” said Petco Country Programme Manager Joyce Gachugi.
Manufacturers have stepped up recycling of plastic bottles, converting the single-use packaging materials to brushes, brooms, clotheslines, pegs and drinking straws.
A total of 300 million bottles weighing 7,700 tonnes were processed by the country’s recyclers in 2019 as manufacturers strived to create jobs out of the cumbersome waste, industry data shows.
For a country that generates up to 21,000 tonnes of plastic annually, the current 30 percent recycling level may, however, not be sufficient to appease government that has twice tried to impose a total ban.
The polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles used mainly to package beverages remain a major pollutant especially to the drainage and aquatic ecosystems.
Industrialists, through their lobby, the Kenya Association Manufacturers (KAM) came together with retailers in 2018 to set up Petco to spearhead recycling of the PET bottles.
The idea was to create a circular recycle value chain with producers and retailers launching various take-back schemes to facilitate participation of consumers in the process.
“The three recyclers in Nairobi, Kiambu and Mombasa have also contracted their own bottle collectors who earn an input subsidy per kilogramme of bottles collected,” said Ms Gachugi.
Some of the brand owners working with Petco include Coca Cola, Unilever Naivas, Tuskys, Kevian Kenya, Bio foods, Highlands Mayers Water, Peptang, Mazuri Water, CCBA, Almasi Beverages, Coastal bottlers, and Bidco Africa.
“Our membership controls about 60 percent of the water, soda and juice market in the country,” she noted.
In 2019, the government announced that it will not ban PET bottles but instead enact laws and regulations to strengthen recycling and circular economy sector.
Last year, Kenya’s neighbouring country Rwanda, became the first African country to ban all single-use plastics.
In 2008, Rwanda enacted a law prohibiting importing, producing, use or sell of non-biodegradable polythene plastic bags.
The 2019 law became extensive and prohibits the manufacturing, importation, use and sale of plastic carry bags and single-use plastic items.
Failure to adhere to the law will attract hefty penalties or even revocation of trade licences.